Eye emergencies can occur at any time, anywhere. Eye emergencies could include scratches, cuts, burns, or objects in the eye. There are also certain medical conditions like glaucoma or blood clots that are eye emergencies. The conditions need immediate medical attention otherwise, they may result in vision loss.
Eye emergencies can arise from a range of incidences and conditions. Each can have its distinct symptoms. However, there are some common symptoms you may experience. These symptoms can alert your body to an eye emergency. You need to contact a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
Burning or stinging
Redness and irritation
Discharge from the eye
Bleeding from the eye
Blood in the white part of the eye
Bruising around the eye
Pupils are not the same size
One eye is not moving like the other
Eyes are sticking out or bulging
Loss of vision
What are some of these eye emergencies, and what do you need to do when one happens?
You can get a cut or scratch on your eye or eyelid. They can be very uncomfortable, especially if it is a corneal abrasion. The eye can turn red and become very sensitive to light.
You need to apply a loose bandage to the eye. However, do not apply pressure on the eye. Next, seek immediate medical attention. Scratches and cuts can make your eye susceptible to infection from bacteria and fungi. These infections can cause harm in as little as 24 hours.
Chemical injuries can result from industrial chemicals. Other products that can cause chemical injuries include cleaning, garden chemicals, aerosols, and fumes. They cause burns in your eyes. Acids are not as harsh to the eye as alkaline products. Alkaline products like lime, lye, drain cleaners, or sodium hydroxide can permanently damage your eyes.
If you get chemicals in your eyes, wash your hands with soap and water to remove any traces of chemicals. Hold your eyelid open, turn your head to the side, and flush with clean running water for 15 minutes. If your contacts are still in your eyes after flushing, remove them to avoid further injury and get to an emergency room as soon as possible.
Something that may seem as harmless as sand or dust can cause irritation and injury to your eyes. Without immediate medical attention, it can lead to vision loss. If you get a small foreign object in your eye, do not rub it.
Once again, start by washing your hands. Try blinking to see if the object will get out of your eye without touching. If it does not come out, locate it with your finger. It is best if someone else helps you out. You can also use artificial tears to help rinse it out. If it is stuck, flush your eye with water. If it does not get out, get immediate medical attention.
Larger objects in the eye require immediate medical attention. Try not to move your eye. If the object is small, you can cover the injured eye with a loose bandage or clean cloth.
For more information on common eye emergencies and what to do next, visit Optical Masters at our offices in Denver, Colorado. You can call (720) 807-7300 or (720) 807-7600 today to schedule an appointment.